Analysis of optical gyroscopes with vertically stacked ring resonators
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Without any moving part, optical gyroscopes exhibit superior reliability and accuracy in comparison to mechanical sensors. Microring-resonator-based optical gyroscopes emerged as alternatives for bulky conventional Sagnac interferometer sensors, especially attractive for applications with limited footprints. Previously, it has been reported that planar incorporation of multiple resonators does not bring about improvement in sensitivity for a given area because the increase in Sagnac phase accumulation does not outrun the increase of area. Therefore, it was naturally suggested to consider vertical stacking of ring resonators because then, the resonators can share the same footprint. In this work, sensitivity performances of such configurations with vertically stacked microring resonators are analyzed and compared to that of a basic (single-resonator) configuration. Through comprehensive study, it is learned that the sensitivity performance of the devices with vertically-stacked resonators (either with a single bus waveguide or with two bus waveguides) does not exceed that of the basic sensor device (single resonator with one bus waveguide), i.e. the basic structure is yet to be remained as the most efficient configuration.