Evaluation of the Performance of a Rockfall Ditch by 3-Dimensional Rockfall Analyses: Akköy (Ürgüp) Case
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Rockfall ditches or areas can be constructed in order to protect against rockfalls in settlements that are in danger of rockfalls when the population density is not high. Nevertheless, in the design of such protection structures, essential site-specific engineering studies and analyzes are often not carried out appropriately. Therefore, rockfallditches are occasionally not capable of preventing rockfalls. Within the scope of this study, the performance of a 2 m-deep and 1 km-long rockfall ditch excavated at the upper elevation of touristic Akköy (Ürgüp) settlement in 2012 in order to prevent the entrance of falling rocks to the residential area was evaluated on the basis of 3-dimensional rockfall analyses. According to the rockfall risk classification, the settlement is under moderate rockfall risk. The digital surface model used in 3-dimensional rockfall analyses was generated by point cloud data obtained from photogrammetric images taken by unmanned aerial vehicle. During field observations, it was determined that the dimension of the previously fallen ignimbrite blocks could reach up to 2 m. On the other hand, the high persistency of discontinuities in the source zone indicates that the dimensions of the potential rockfall blocks may be large. As a result of the 3-dimensional rockfall analyses carried out in RocPro3D software, it was defined that the falling blocks are generally caught by the ditch excavated between the source zone and the settlement, but in some sections of the ditch those blocks may continue to roll over the rockfall ditch. Eventually, Akköy settlement is still partially under the danger of rockfalls. If the rockfall ditch is not periodically cleaned in the course of time, the extent of danger will enlarge with the decrease in the capacity of the trench. © 2019, TMMOB - Jeoloji Muhendisleri Odasi. All rights reserved.