Centella asiatica extract containing bilayered electrospun wound dressing
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Innovative and bioactive wound dressings prepared by electrospinning mimicking the native structure of the extracellular matrix (ECM) have gained significant interest as an alternative to conventional wound care applications. In this study, bilayered wound dressing material was produced by sequential electrospinning of quaternized poly(4- vinyl pyridine) (upper layer) on the Centella Asiatica (CA) extract containing electrospun poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- hydroxy valerate) (PHBV) blend membrane (lower layer). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was utilized to show a uniform and bead-free fiber structure of electrospun membranes. The average diameter of CA extract containing electrospun PLGA/PHBV blend membrane was calculated 0.471±0.11 µm, whereas the average fiber diameter of electrospun poly(Q-VP) membranes was in the range of 0.460±0.057 µm. Chemical, thermal, mechanical properties, and adsorption capacity of electrospun membranes, as well as the cumulative release of CA from the electrospun PLGA/PHBV membrane, were investigated. Viability, adhesion, and attachment of human fibroblast cells on the electrospun membranes on pre-set days were evaluated by the colorimetric CellTiter 96® Aqueous One Solution Cell Proliferation Assay (MTS assay) and SEM. Results revealed that CA loaded bilayered electrospun wound dressing showed promoted attachment and proliferation of fibroblasts. Hence, it can be concluded that CA extract containing bilayered electrospun wound dressing prepared in this study has a promising potential for wound healing applications.