Micro-/Nanostructured Highly Crystalline Organic Semiconductor Films for Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Applications
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The utilization of inorganic semiconductors for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has attracted enormous interest. However, despite the technological relevance of organic semiconductors for enabling inexpensive, large-area, and flexible devices via solution processing techniques, these p-conjugated systems have never been investigated for SERS applications. Here for the first time, a simple and versatile approach is demonstrated for the fabrication of novel SERS platforms based on micro-/nanostructured 2,7-dioctylbenzothieno[3,2-b] benzothiophene (C8-BTBT) thin films via an oblique-angle vapor deposition. The morphology of C8-BTBT thin films is manipulated by varying the deposition angle, thus achieving highly favorable 3D vertically aligned ribbon-like micro-/nanostructures for a 90 degrees deposition angle. By combining C8-BTBT semiconductor films with a nanoscopic thin Au layer, remarkable SERS responses are achieved in terms of enhancement (approximate to 10(8)), stability (>90 d), and reproducibility (RSD < 0.14), indicating the great promise of Au/C8-BTBT films as SERS platforms. Our results demonstrate the first example of an organic semiconductor-based SERS platform with excellent detection characteristics, indicating that p-conjugated organic semiconductors have a great potential for SERS applications.